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Getting diagnosed

Type 2 diabetes is often diagnosed following blood or urine tests for something else.

However, if you have any symptoms you should see your GP straight away.

To find out if you have type 2 diabetes, you usually have to go through the following steps:

  1. Speak to your GP about your symptoms.
  2. Your GP will check your urine and arrange a blood test to check your blood sugar levels. It usually takes about 1 to 2 days for the results to come back.
  3. If you have diabetes, your GP will ask you to come in again to explain the test results and what will happen next.

If you’re diagnosed with diabetes

What your GP will discuss with you during your appointment depends on the diagnosis and the treatment they recommend.

Generally, they’ll talk to you about:

  • what diabetes is
  • what high blood sugar means for your health
  • what medication you’ll have to take
  • your diet and exercise
  • your lifestyle, for example alcohol and smoking

Your GP will do their best to discuss the diagnosis with you but this first appointment might only be 10 to 15 minutes.

If you have questions about your diagnosis

It’s usually difficult to take everything in the GP tells you during the appointment.

Talk to family and friends about what the GP told you and write down all the questions you have.

Then make another GP appointment and take your list of questions with you.

There’s also a lot of information on diabetes available.

What happens after the diagnosis

Usually the following things happen after your diagnosis:

  1. Your GP will prescribe medication. It might take time for you to get used to the medication and to find the right amounts for you.
  2. You might need to make changes to your diet and be more active.
  3. You’ll have to go for regular type 2 diabetes check ups.
  4. You’ll have to look out for certain signs to avoid other health problems.